**JOURNALS****[16]** Azam Beg, "A Web-Based Method For Building And Simulating Standard Cell Circuits - A Classroom Application," *Computer Applications in Engineering Education*, Apr 2014, pp. 1-8.

**[15]** F.Y. Al-Marzoqee, G. Khoder, H. Al-Awadhi, R. John, Azam Beg, A. Vincze, F. Branicki, and S.M. Karam, "Upregulation And Inhibition of The Nuclear Translocation of Oct4 During Multistep Gastric Carcinogenesis," *International Journal of Oncology*, vol. 41, no. 5, Nov 2012, pp. 1733-1743.

**[14]** W. Ibrahim, V. Beiu, and Azam Beg, "On Optimum Reliability Sizing For Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor Gates," *IEEE Transactions on Reliability*, vol. 61, no. 3, Apr 2012, pp. 675-686.

**[13]** W. Ibrahim, V. Beiu, and Azam Beg, "GREDA: A Fast And More Accurate Gate Reliability EDA Tool," *IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems*, vol. 31, no. 4, Apr 2012, pp. 509-521.

**[12]** Azam Beg, "On Pedagogy of Nanometric Circuit Reliability," *The Journal of Supercomputing*, vol. 59, no. 2, Aug 2010, pp. 762-778.

**[11]** P.W.C. Prasad and Azam Beg, "Prediction of Area And Length Complexity Measures For Binary Decision Diagrams," *Expert Systems with Applications*, vol. 37, no. 4, Apr 2010, pp. 2864-2873.

**[10]** P.W.C. Prasad and Azam Beg, "Investigating Data Preprocessing Methods For Circuit Complexity Models," *Expert Systems with Applications*, vol. 36, no. 1, Jan 2009, pp. 519-526. [Impact factor = 2.596].

**[9]** Azam Beg and W. Ibrahim, "Perfpred: A Web-Based Tool For Exploring Computer Architecture Design Space," *Computer Applications In Engineering Education (CAE) (Wiley)*, vol. 17, no. 3, Dec 2008, pp. 305-313. [Impact factor = 0.388].

**[8]** Azam Beg, P. W. Chandana Prasad, and S.M.N.A. Senenayake, "Estimating Shortest Circuit Path Length Complexity," *International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Technologies (IJIST)*, vol. 3, no. 3, Jun 2008, pp. 133-138.

**[7]** Azam Beg, P.W.C. Prasad, and Ajmal Beg, "Applicability of Feed-Forward And Recurrent Neural Networks to Boolean Function Complexity Modeling," *Expert Systems With Applications (Elsevier)*, vol. 34, no. 4, May 2008, pp. 2436-2443. [Impact factor = 2.596].

**[6]** S.K. Hasnain and Azam Beg, "Cohesive Analysis, Modeling And Simulation of Spoken Urdu Language Numbers With Fourier Descriptors And Neural Networks," *Ubiquitous Computing And Communication Journal*, vol. 3, no. 2, Apr 2008, pp. 196-211.

**[5]** S.K. Hasnain, Azam Beg, and M.S. Awan, "Frequency Analysis of Urdu Spoken Numbers Using MATLAB And Simulink," *PAF KIET Journal of Engineering & Sciences*, vol. 1, no. 2, Dec 2007, pp. 43-48.

**[4]** Azam Beg and Yul Chu, "Modeling of Trace- And Block-Based Caches," *Journal of Circuits, Systems and Computers (JCSC)*, vol. 16, no. 5, Aug 2007, pp. 711-729. [Impact factor = 0.130].

**[3]** Azam Beg and Yul Chu, "Utilizing Block Size Variability to Enhance Instruction Fetch Rate," *Journal of Computer Science and Technology (JCST)*, vol. 7, no. 2, Apr 2007, pp. 155-165. [Impact factor = 0.353].

**[2]** Ali Assi, P.W.C. Prasad, and Azam Beg, "Complexity of XOR/XNOR Boolean Functions: A Model Using Binary Decision Diagrams And Back Propagation Neural Networks," *Journal of Computer Science and Technology (JCST)*, vol. 7, no. 2, Apr 2007, pp. 141-148. [Impact factor = 0.353].

**[1]** P.W.C. Prasad, Ali Assi, and Azam Beg, "Binary Decision Diagrams And Neural Networks," *The Journal of Supercomputing*, vol. 39, no. 3, Mar 2007, pp. 301-320. [Impact factor = 0.615].

**BOOK CHAPTERS**

**[6]** Azam Beg, M. Suleiman, V. Beiu, and W. Ibrahim, "Low-Power Reliable Nano-Adders," *Nanoelectronic Device Applications Handbook*, May 2013, pp. 67-75.

**[5]** V. Beiu, L. Zhang, Azam Beg, W. Ibrahim, and M. Tache, "Axon-Inspired Communication Systems," *Nanoelectronic Device Applications Handbook*, May 2013, pp. 189-204.

**[4]** Azam Beg, "A Reduced-Dimension Processor Model," *Advances in Machine Learning and Data Analysis - Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering*, vol. 48, Jan 2010, pp. 43-56.

**[3]** Azam Beg, "Improving Nano-Circuit Reliability Estimates By Using Neural Methods," *Lecture Notes ICST (LNICST) (Springer)*, Oct 2009, pp. 270-275.

**[2]** Azam Beg and S.K. Hasnain, "A Speech Recognition System For Urdu Language," *Wireless Networks, Information Processing and Systems - Communications in Computer and Information Science (Springer)*, vol. 20, Dec 2008, pp. 118-126. ["ISBN 3540898522, 9783540898528"].

**[1]** Azam Beg and P.W.C. Prasad, "Data Processing For Effective Modeling of Circuit Behavior," *Lecture Notes in Computational Intelligence *, Dec 2007, pp. 313-318.

**CONFERENCES**

**[57]** Azam Beg, "Designing Array-Based CMOS Logic Gates By Using A Feedback Control System," *2014 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics (SMC)*, San Diego, CA, USA, Oct 2014, pp. 1-5. [In press].

**[56]** Azam Beg and A. Beg, "Reliability of Nano-Scaled Logic Gates Based on Binary Decision Diagrams," *2014 International Conference on Modeling, Simulation and Visualization Methods (MSV'14)*, Las Vegas, NV, USA, Jul 2014, pp. 1-5. [In press].

**[55]** E. Abu-Shama, Z. Sadi, A. Elchouemi, and Azam Beg, "Accurate Calculation of LDO IR-Drop For SRAMs Using Redhawk EDA Tool," *2014 International Conference on Modeling, Simulation and Visualization Methods (MSV'14)*, Las Vegas, NV, USA, Jul 2014, pp. 1-4. [In press].

**[54]** Azam Beg, "A New Method For The Creation of MOOC-Ready Database of Test Questions," *International Conference on Computer-Supported Education (CSEDU 2014)*, Barcelona, Spain, Apr 2014, pp. 1-5.

**[53]** P.W.C. Prasad, A. Alasdoon, Azam Beg, and A. Chan, "Simulators For Teaching Computer Organization And Architecture - A Brief Survey," *4th International Conference on Education and Information Management 2013 (ICEIM '13)*, Penang, Malaysia, Dec 2013, pp. 1545-1548.

**[52]** A. Alasdoon, P.W.C. Prasad, Azam Beg, and A. Chan, "A Recent Survey of Circuit Design Tools For Teaching," *World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science*, San Francisco, CA, USA, Oct 2013, pp. 182-186.

**[51]** Azam Beg, "Automatic Generation of Characterization Circuits - An Application In Academia," *2013 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE)*, Oklahoma City, OK, USA, Oct 2013, pp. 661-664.

**[50]** Azam Beg and A. Elchouemi, "Enhancing Static Noise Margin While Reducing Power Consumption," *2013 IEEE 56th International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS)*, Columbus, OH, USA, Aug 2013, pp. 348-351.

**[49]** Azam Beg, A. Elchouemi, and R. Beg, , "A Collaborative Platform For Facilitating Standard Cell Characterization," *2013 IEEE 17th International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD)*, Whistler, BC, Canada, Jun 2013, pp. 202-206.

**[48]** V. Beiu, Azam Beg, W. Ibrahim, F. Kharbash, and A. Massimo, "Enabling Sizing For Enhancing The Static Noise Margins," *2013 14th International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design (ISQED)*, Santa Clara, CA, USA, Mar 2013, pp. 278-285.

**[47]** Azam Beg, P.W.C. Chandana, A.K. Singh, and S.M.N.A. Senanayake , "A Neural Model For Processor-Throughput Using Hardware Parameters And Software Dynamic Behavior," *12th International Conference on Intelligent Systems Design and Applications (ISDA 2012)*, Kochi, India, Nov 2012, pp. 821-825.

**[46]** Azam Beg, V. Beiu, and W. Ibrahim, "Unconventional Transistor Sizing For Reducing Power Alleviates Threshold Voltage Variations," *2012 International Semiconductor Conference (CAS)*, Sinia, Romania, Oct 2012, pp. 429-432.

**[45]** V. Beiu, L. Iordaconiu, Azam Beg, W. Ibrahim, and F. Kharbash, "Low Power And Highly Reliable Gates Using Arrays of Optimally Sized Transistors," *2012 International Semiconductor Conference (CAS)*, Sinia, Romania, Oct 2012, pp. 433-436.

**[44]** V. Beiu, Azam Beg, W. Ibrahim, and F. Kharbash, "Towards Ultra-Low Voltage/Power Using Unconventionally Sized Arrays of Transistors," *2012 12th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)*, Birmingham, UK, Aug 2012, pp. 1-5.

**[43]** Azam Beg, A. Elchouemi, and R. Beg, "Effect of Channel Lengthening And Threshold Voltage Variation On A Nanometric Gate's Delay And Power," *International Conference on Computer Design (CDES'12)*, Las Vegas, NV, USA, Jul 2012, pp. 55-59.

**[42]** Azam Beg, F. Ahmed, and A. Elchouemi, "Parameters For Modeling Digital Circuit Reliability - A Statistical Perspective," *23rd IASTED International Conference on Modeling and Simulation (MS 2012)*, Banff, AB, Canada, Jul 2012, pp. 1-5.

**[41]** V. Beiu, W. Ibrahim, Azam Beg, and M. Tache, "On Sizing Transistors For Threshold Voltage Variations," *4th HiPEAC Workshop on the Design for Reliability (DFR 2012)*, Paris, France, Jan 2012, pp. 1-4.

**[40]** V. Beiu, W. Ibrahim, Azam Beg, L. Zhang, and M. Tache , "On Axon-Inspired Communications," *2011 20th European Conference on Circuit Theory and Design (ECCTD)*, Linkoping, Sweden, Aug 2011, pp. 789-792.

**[39]** W. Ibrahim, Azam Beg, and V. Beiu, "Highly Reliable And Low-Power Full Adder Cell," *2011 IEEE 9th International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS)*, Bordeaux, France, Jun 2011, pp. 500-503.

**[38]** V. Beiu, Azam Beg, and W. Ibrahim, "Atto-Joule Gates For The Whole Voltage Range," *2011 IEEE 9th International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS)*, Bordeaux, France, Jun 2011, pp. 1424-1429.

**[37]** Azam Beg, V. Beiu, and W. Ibrahim, "Atto Joule CMOS Gates Using Reversed Sizing And W/L Swapping," *2011 IEEE 9th International New Circuits and Systems Conference (NEWCAS)*, Bordeaux, France, Jun 2011, pp. 498-501.

**[36]** Azam Beg and V. Beiu, "Ultra Low Power/Energy SET-Based Axon-Inspired Communication," *2011 11th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO)*, Bordeaux, France, Jun 2011, pp. 1183-1186.

**[35]** F. Ahmed, P. Campbell, Azam Beg, and L.F. Capretz, "What Soft Skills Software Architect Should Have? A Reflection From Software Industry," *International Conference on Computer Communication and Management (ICCCM 2011)*, Sydney, Australia, May 2011, pp. 1-6.

**[34]** W. Ibrahim, V. Beiu, and Azam Beg, "On NOR-2 Von Neumann Multiplexing," *2010 5th International Design and Test Workshop (IDT)*, Abu Dhabi, UAE, Dec 2010, pp. 67-72.

**[33]** Azam Beg, "A Composition-Aware Model For Unreliable Circuits," *2010 53rd IEEE International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS)*, Seattle, WA, USA, Aug 2010, pp. 853-856.

**[32]** Azam Beg, F. Ahmed, and P. Campbell, "Hybrid OCR Techniques For Cursive Script Languages - A Review And Applications," *2010 Second International Conference on Computational Intelligence, Communication Systems and Networks (CICSyN) *, Liverpool, UK, Jul 2010, pp. 101-105.

**[31]** P.W.C. Prasad, Azam Beg, and A.K. Singh, "Comparing Simulations And Graphical Representations of Complexities of Benchmark And Large-Variable Circuits," *2010 2nd International Conference on Education Technology and Computer (ICETC) *, Shanghai, China, Jun 2010, pp. V5-134.

**[30]** F. Ahmed, Azam Beg, S. Alkobaisi, and L. F. Capretz, "Framework For Visual Modeling of Software Product Line," *2010 2nd IEEE International Conference on Information Management and Engineering (ICIME)*, Chengdu, China, Apr 2010, pp. 484-488.

**[29]** Azam Beg and S.K. Hasnain, "A Framework For Finding Minimal Test Vectors For Stuck-At-Faults," *International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies (ICICT'09)*, Islamabad, Pakistan, Dec 2009, pp. 259-262.

**[28]** F. Ahmed, P. Campbell, Azam Beg, and L.F. Capretz, "Soft Skills Requirements In Software Architecture’s Job: An Exploratory Study," *5th Central and Eastern European Software Engineering Conference in Russia (CEE-SECR 2009)*, Moscow, Russia, Oct 2009, pp. 1-4.

**[27]** Azam Beg, "Improving Nano-Circuit Reliability Estimates Using Neural Methods," *4th International ICST Conference on Nano-Networks (Nano-Net’09)*, Luzern, Switzerland, Oct 2009, pp. 1-6.

**[26]** Azam Beg and S.K. Hasnain, "A Framework For Finding Minimal Test Vectors For Stuck-At-Faults," *3rd International Conference on Information & Communication Technologies (IEEE) (ICICT 2009)*, Karachi, Pakistan, Aug 2009, pp. 259-262.

**[25]** Azam Beg, Chandanna Withana, and Faheem Ahmed, "Analyzing Sensitivity of Code Execution Efficiency to Software And Hardware Parameters," *IEEE Conference on Innovative Technologies in Intelligent Systems & Industrial Applications (CITISIA 2009)*, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Jul 2009, pp. 61-65.

**[24]** P.W.C. Prasad, Azam Beg, and A.K. Singh, "Effect of Quine-Mccluskey Simplification On Boolean Space Complexity," *IEEE Conference on Innovative Technologies in Intelligent Systems & Industrial Applications (CITISIA 2009)*, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Jul 2009, pp. 165-170.

**[23]** Azam Beg and W. Ibrahim, "Relating Reliability to Circuit Topology," * Joint IEEE North-East Workshop on Circuits and Systems and TAISA Conference (NEWCAS-TAISA'09)*, Toulouse, France, Jun 2009, pp. 1-4.

**[22]** Azam Beg, "Reliability Models of Nano-Scaled Digital Circuits," *UAE University 10th Annual Research Conference (ARC10) (non-refereed)*, Al-Ain, UAE, Apr 2009, pp. X-Y.

**[21]** Q. Alshannag, N. Balfaki, Azam Beg, and M. Khasawneh, "Using Interactive Web-Based Open Lab Inquiry For Teaching Chemistry to High School Students In The United Arab Emirates," *Improving Education Practice Through Research, 5th Annual Research Forum (non-refereed)*, Al-Ain, UAE, Apr 2009, pp. X-Y.

**[20]** W. Ibrahim and Azam Beg, "A Bayesian Based EDA Tool For Accurate VLSI Reliability Evaluations," *5th International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology (IIT’08)*, Al-Ain, UAE, Dec 2008, pp. 101-105.

**[19]** Azam Beg, "Incorporating Program Characteristics Into A Processor Model," *International Conference on Machine Learning and Data Analysis 2008 (ICMLDA'08)*, San Francisco, CA, USA, Oct 2008, pp. 1-5.

**[18]** Azam Beg and W. Ibrahim, "On Teaching Circuit Reliability," *38th Annual Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE'08)*, Saratoga Springs, NY, USA, Oct 2008, pp. T3H12-T3H17.

**[17]** Azam Beg, "An Efficient Realization of An OCR System Using HDL," *International Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ICAI'08)*, Las Vegas, NV, USA, Jul 2008, pp. 74-78.

**[16]** Azam Beg, W. Ibrahim, P.W.C. Prasad, and Emad Abu-Shama, "Utilizing Synthesis to Verify Boolean Function Models," *IEEE International Symposium on Circuits & Systems (ISCAS'08)*, Seattle, WA, USA, May 2008, pp. 1576-1579.

**[15]** Azam Beg, "Modeling The Reliability of Nano-Technology Based Digital Circuits," *UAE University 9th Annual Research Conference (ARC9) (non-refereed)*, Al-Ain, UAE, Apr 2008, pp. X-Y.

**[14]** Namal A. Senanayake, Azam. Beg, and W. C. Prasad, "Learning Monte Carlo Data For Circuit Path Length," *5th International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA 2008)*, Bangkok, Thailand, Apr 2008, pp. 50-54.

**[13]** Azam Beg and S.K. Hasnain, "A Speech Recognition System For Urdu Language," *International Multi-Topic Conference (IMTIC'08)*, Jamshoro, Pakistan, Apr 2008, pp. 74-78.

**[12]** A.K. Singh, Azam Beg and P.W.C. Prasad, "Modeling The Path Length Delay Projection," *International Conference for Engineering and ICT*, Melaka, Malaysia, Nov 2007, pp. 101-105.

**[11]** Azam Beg and W. Ibrahim, "An Online Tool For Teaching Design Trade-Offs In Computer Architecture," *International Conference on Engineering Education (ICEE 2007)*, Coimbra, Portugal, Sep 2007, pp. 523-527.

**[10]** Azam Beg, "Predicting Processor Performance With A Machine Learnt Model," *50th IEEE International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS/NEWCAS'07)*, Montreal, Canada, Aug 2007, pp. 1098-1101.

**[9]** P.W.C. Prasad and Azam Beg, "A Methodology For Evaluation Time Approximation," *50th IEEE International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS/NEWCAS'07)*, Montreal, Canada, Aug 2007, pp. 776-778.

**[8]** Azam Beg and P.W.C. Prasad, "Data Processing For Effective Modeling of Circuit Behavior," *8th WSEAS International Conference on Evolutionary Computing*, Vancouver, Canada, Jun 2007, pp. 314-319.

**[7]** Azam Beg, "Development of A Novel Technique For Microprocessor Performance Prediction," *UAE University 8th Annual Research Conference (ARC8) (non-refereed)*, Al-Ain, UAE, Apr 2007, pp. X-Y.

**[6]** Azam Beg, P.W.C. Prasad, Muhammad Arshad, and S.K. Hasnain, "Using Recurrent Neural Networks For Circuit Complexity Modeling," *10th IEEE International Multitopic Conference (ITMIC'06)*, Islamabad, Pakistan, Dec 2006, pp. 194-197.

**[5]** P.W.C. Prasad, A.K. Singh, Azam Beg, and Ali Assi, "Modeling The XOR/XNOR Boolean Functions' Complexity Using Neural Networks," *13th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems*, Nice, France, Dec 2006, pp. 1348-1351.

**[4]** Azam Beg, P. Chandanna, and Ali Assi, "Modeling The Behavior of BDD Complexity Using Neural Networks," *4th IASTED International Conference on Circuits, Signals, and Systems (CSS'06)*, San Francisco, CA, USA, Nov 2006, pp. 1-5.

**[3]** Ali Assi, P.W.C. Prasad, and Azam Beg, "Boolean Function Complexity And Neural Networks," *7th WSEAS International Conference on Neural Networks (NN'06)*, Cavtat, Croatia, Jun 2006, pp. 85-90.

**[2]** Azam Beg and Yul Chu, "Improved Instruction Fetching With A New Block-Based Cache Scheme," *IEEE International Symposium on Signals, Circuits & Systems*, Iasi, Romania, Jul 2005, pp. 765-768.

**[1]** S.K. Hasnain and Azam Beg, "Performance Analysis of Viterbi Decoder Using A DSP Technique," *8th IEEE International Multitopic Conference (ITMIC'04)*, Lahore, Pakistan, Dec 2004, pp. 201-207.